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Testosterone Therapy: Understanding Low Testosterone Effects and Treatments

Testosterone is a hormone found in humans, both in men and women in lower levels, which stimulates the growth and development of male sexual characteristics, produced in large amount in the testes, and in varying amounts in the ovaries and adrenal cortex. The fact is men produce higher levels of testosterone than women, and it increases in puberty stage and starts to decrease one percent per year after the age of thirty as a result of aging. Testosterone greatly affects the anatomy and physiology of the body that is responsible for sexual drive, sperm production, muscle strength and muscle mass, fat distribution, red blood cell distribution, mood and bone density.

Low levels of testosterone causes symptoms such as less energy, decrease sex drive, feelings of depression, weight gain, low-self-esteem, moodiness, less body hair and thinner bones. Aging greatly affects the lowering of testosterone levels, as well as stress and chronic diseases such as AIDS, kidney disease, alcoholism and liver cirrhosis. Low levels of testosterone could be a sign of a pituitary gland disorder, wherein the pituitary gland produces the follicle stimulating and leutinizing hormones signalling the testicles to produce more testosterone. Abnormally high testosterone levels is indicative of an adrenal gland disorder or cancer of the testes.

Hypogonadism or low levels of testosterone does not always require treatment, but if it interferes with your health and quality of life, testosterone replacement therapy is a big help in increasing testosterone levels into an acceptable range. Testosterone can be given orally, gels or patches and through injections. It produces greater muscle and stronger sex drive. Testosterone replacement therapy using transdermal patch involves application of a transdermal patch on the arm or upper body once a day. The skin directly absorbs gel testosterone replacement when the gel is applied once a day. There is also a tablet form that can stick on the gums above the incisor, the tooth to the left or right of the two front teeth, applied twice a day. Testosterone repalacement therapy injections or pellets implanted in soft tissues absorb the testosterone slowly into the bloodstream.

The two ways to determine if a person has hypogonadism are blood test and its characteristic signs and symptoms. There are many studies showing that testosterone replacement therapy offers a wide range of benefits especially for men with hypogonadism, including improved muscle libido, muscle mass, cognition, mood, red blood cell production and bone density. Indeed, testosterone therapy is one of the best treatments for persons suffering from low testosterone levels, and this is also used in treating alopecia or baldness.
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